- 12 August 2016
- Author: Nikolas Perseputto
Ferrari is one of the successful car companies in the world. They have achieved particular success in motorsports racing and are best known for their performance sports cars. In fact, their street legal supercars are seen as a symbol of speed, luxury, and wealth. Ferrari is based out of Maranello, Italy and was founded in 1929.
Ferrari’s early years were quite a bit different than those of most modern carmakers. Rather than focus on the production of commercial automobiles, the company’s founder Enzo Ferrari envisioned Ferrari as a sponsor for amateur racecar drivers.
Enzo Ferrari began to sponsor amateur drivers under the Scuderia Ferrari name for ten years from 1928 until 1938. He outfitted his drivers in various Alfa Romeo cars. In 1938, Alfa Romeo hired Enzo Ferrari as the head of their motor racing department.
Despite Alfa Romeo being confiscated by the Italian government under Mussolini in 1941, the motor racing division was small enough to escape unaffected. However, they were still banned from racing throughout World War II and spent much of their efforts manufacturing machine tools and aircraft accessories. Interestingly enough, it was during this time that Enzo Ferrari built his first racecar. The car was originally known as the Tipo 815 and later the Mille Miglia. It is credited as the first actual Ferrari car.
Ferrari moved into the production of street legal automobiles as Ferrari S.p.A. in 1947. That same year, the company introduced the 125 S. A 1.5-Liter V12 engine powered the car. Though the car achieved much commercial and financial success, it was grudgingly built and sold by Enzo Ferrari. In fact, he initially used the automobile only to fund his Ferrari racing team.
Fiat took a 50% stake in Ferrari in 1969. The surge in investment funds allowed Ferrari to add a number of new models to its range of streetcars.
In 1988, Ferrari launched the Ferrari F40. It was the last new model that the founder of the company oversaw. He died later that year. The F40 is one of the most famous supercars of all time.
In the early 2000s, the company launched the Ferrari Enzo to honor its founder. It was their fastest available production model at the time.
Ferrari still produces a small line of road cars to this day. They are also still heavily involved in motorsports racing. The company is now run by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
The latest flagship model car from Ferrari is their LaFerrari (sometimes known as the F150). A hybrid supercar, only 499 LaFerrari units will be built, each costing more than $1.6 million USD.
The LaFerrari was first introduced at the 2013 Geneva Auto Show. Its design combines findings from testing of the Ferrari FXX with research done by the University of Modena Millechili Project. The car is truly the first of its kind.
The LaFerrari has the highest power output of any Ferrari thus far. At the same time, its mild hybrid design reduces fuel consumption by up to 40 percent. The supercar uses a 6.2-Liter V12 Internal Combustion Engine, an electric motor, and a KERS (kinetic energy recovery system) for power. It comes with a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission.
A multitude of finishing touches make the LaFerrari a masterpiece. These include carbon-ceramic Brembo disc breaks, a carbon fiber monocoque structure, double wishbone front suspension and multi-link rear suspension, and a number of electronic controls such as ESC stability control, high performance Anti-Lock Braking and Electronic Brake Distribution, electronic traction control, and active aerodynamics.
In preliminary testing, the LaFerrari has been reported to have a top speed of just over 217 mph. It sports a 0 to 60 mph time is less than 3 seconds. Furthermore, it is able to reach 185 mph in less than 15 seconds.
Ferrari currently produces seven models of cars. These include the California T, 458 Italia, FF, 458 Spider, F12berlinetta, 458 Speciale, and LaFerrari.
Ferrari California T: The California T is a grand tourer convertible available from Ferrari. It features a V8 turbocharged engine.
Ferrari 458 Italia: The 458 Italia is a coupe sports car available from Ferrari. It features a V8 engine.
Ferrari FF: The FF is a grand tourer, shooting-brake style car available from Ferrari. It features a V12 engine.
Ferrari 458 Spider: The 458 Spider is a roadster sports car available from Ferrari. It features a V8 engine.
Ferrari F12belinetta: The F12berlinetta is a grand tourer coupe available from Ferrari. It features a V12 engine.
Ferrari 458 Speciale: The 458 Speciale is a coupe sports car available from Ferrari. It features a V8 engine.
LaFerrari: The LaFerrari is a coupe sports car available from Ferrari. It features a hybrid V12 engine with HY-KERS.
Over the years, Ferrari has produced a number of models that are now discontinued. These include the 125 S sports/racing models, the 166 Inter, the Ferrari Dino, the V8 Ferrari, the Berlinetta Boxer, the 250 GTO, the Enzo Ferrari, and quite a few others.