- 23 February 2016
- Author: Nikolas Perseputto
Porsche is a German-based automobile manufacturer with their headquarters located in Stuttgard, but they sell cars worldwide. Owned by Volkswagen, Porsche originally only focused on high-performance sport cars, but they have recently moved into the world of SUVs and Sedans.
Porsche was founded in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche as Dr. Ing. H. c. F. Porsche GmBH. In the early years, Porsche didn’t actually produce any cars under that name, and during World War II, they turned their attention to the war. Although they lost their bid to Henschel & Sons, Porsche tried to get a contract with the German government to produce tanks.
At the end of the war, Ferdinand was imprisoned for war crimes, although he was not actually tied to them. During this time, his son Ferry Porsche, decided to create his own car, which resulted in the Porsche 356. However, the car was built under Ferry’s new company Porsche Konstrukitonen GesmbH. Later, production was taken over by Dr. Ing. H. c. F. Porsche GmBH in Stuttgart.
Stuttgart was the capital of the Free People’s State of Württemberg, and that area helped shape the Porsche logo. The Porsche logo is a combination of the Stuttgart coat of arms and the Free People’s State of Württemberg coat of arms.
Today, Porsche is still as popular as ever, and in 2006, Luxury Institute gave it the title of the most prestigious automobile brand.
The current flagship model for Porsche is the Porsche 911. Since 1963, Porsche has manufactured and distributed the 911.
New Porsche 911 body styles include coupé, retractable-roof coupé and convertible. The base model comes with a 3.4-liter, six-cylinder engine that provides a horsepower of 350. Transmission is available in manual or automatic, both with seven speeds. The 911 comes with a wide variety of available options, ranging anywhere from interior color options to voice control.
The 911 Turbo offers a more powerful option. It comes with a 3.8-liter engine that is turbocharged and provides 520 horsepower. For even more horsepower, the Turbo S offers an impressive horsepower of 560.
Besides the flagship 911, Porsche offers six other car models. Models include Boxster, Cayman, 918 Spyder, Panamera, Macan and Cayenne.
Boxter: The Boxter is considered the more affordable Porsche, and it has been in production since 1996. It is now in its third generation and offers more comfort and space than ever before.
Cayman: The Cayman was inspired by the second and third generation Boxters, but its performance is more like that of the 911. The Cayman has been in production since 2005.
918 Spyder: The current 918 Spyder is a hybrid with a 4.6-liter V8 hybrid engine and nearly 900 horsepower. It has been in production since 2013.
Panamera: A sedan, the Panamera is Porsche’s first four-door car and stirred controversy with hard-core Porsche fans. It has been in production since 2009.
Macan: The Macan is the second SUV from Porsche, and it is smaller than the Cayenne. Originally called Cajun, it was renamed in 2012 to Macan. It has been in production since 2014.
Cayenne: The Cayenne is Porsche’s first SUV, and while it was not welcome at first, it quickly won fans. It has been in production since 2002.
In 1950, Porsche made itself known by revealing two cars that quickly became headliners: the 356 Speedster and the 550 Spyder. Due to their lightweight and speed, both cars were often used for racing. The 356 Speedster was in production from 1948 to 1965, while the 550 Spyder had a smaller production window: 1953 to 1956.
The 1970’s brought the Porsche 914, which had a mid-engine design and was considered a more affordable Porsche. The 914 was in production between 1969 and 1976. The 1970’s was also when Porsche introduced their 924, and it was their first model with a water-cooled, front-mounted engine. Porsche produced the 924 from 1976 to 1988.
The 959 and the 944 were introduced in the 1980s. The 959 had a twin-turbocharged engine, and with speeds up to 195 miles per hour, it was the fastest street-legal production car. Production ran from 1986 to 1989. Built on the same platform as the 924, the Porsche 944 helped Porsche redesign the 924 with more horsepower. Production for the 944 ran from 1982 to 1991, at which time it was replaced with the 968, a very similar car that ran from 1992 to 1995.
When Porsche was still new, the German government hired them to create a car designed for the people. This car was known as Volkswagen, and the Volkswagen Beetle was soon born. In fact, the Porsche 64 was built using many similar components.
Other Porsche cars shared their parts with the Volkswagen Beetle. After the war, parts were scarce, so the 356 used many parts from the Volkswagen Beetle, including the transmission and much of the suspension. However, as the car evolved and parts became available again, these Volkswagen parts were replaced with Porsche parts.