- 16 January 2016
- Author: Nikolas Perseputto
Lincoln (officially the Lincoln Motor Company) is a luxury automobile company based out of the United States. They are currently run as a division of the Ford Motor Company and sell luxury vehicles under the Lincoln brand name and logo. Their offerings are primarily available in North America and the Middle East although there are plans to soon expand to other markets including China. Lincoln was founded in 1917 and has been a subsidiary of Ford since 1922.
The Lincoln Motor Company got its start all the way back in 1917 when it was created by Henry Leland, a former manager of the Cadillac division of General Motors. Leland names his fledgling company after his hero, American president Abraham Lincoln.
During the company’s early years, they focused their attentions on manufacturing aircraft engines. The Ford Motor Company supplied the cylinders for these engines to Lincoln and many of them were used to fulfill World War I government contracts.
At the close of the war, the Lincoln factories were retooled for the manufacturer of luxury automobiles. Though Ford officially purchased the company as early as 1922, Lincoln continued to operate almost entirely independently until 1940.
Things didn’t start off entirely smoothly for Lincoln. Severe financial troubles coupled with an unpopular body styling on early automobiles limited their initial success. However, when Lincoln changed the bodywork and slightly lowered its prices, their cars began to sell in better, if still small, numbers.
Lincoln began to take off as an American brand during the late 1920s. During this time, police departments around the country started to use their vehicles as police sedans. The cars were equipped with four-wheel brakes, spot lights, and bulletproof windshields.
However, Lincoln’s first truly successful car was not introduced until 1936. It was the Lincoln-Zephyr. The car contained a V12 engine and helped increase the company’s sales nearly ninefold.
Lincoln continued to manufacturer cars in limited numbers throughout World War II. After the war, they released their Lincoln Continental, a model that was immediately successful. Other models during this period were the H-Series Lincoln and the EL-Series Lincoln.
To this day, Lincoln continues to manufacturer an extensive line of luxury vehicles. These models have been updated extensively over the years. The company’s current offerings include two sedans, three crossover utility vehicles, two SUVs, two limousine vehicles, and one truck.
Lincoln vehicles can be found in Bahrain, Canada, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mexico, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, the United Arab Emirates, the United States, and Yemen among other countries.
Though Lincoln plans to release a new flagship in the near future, their Lincoln MKS full-size luxury sedan is their current model.
The MKS was first introduced in 2006 and has since become one of the brand’s most popular and bestselling cars. The car uses a platform that is very similar to the Ford D3 platform that the Ford Taurus also uses. The MKS is front-wheel drive with optional all-wheel drive. Ever since 2012, the car has been Lincoln’s sole full-size sedan.
The Lincoln MKS has received much praise and positive reviews since it was released. It is especially praised for its performance, handling, large interior, and long list of luxury features.
Lincoln currently manufacturers seven current models of cars. These are the Lincoln Navigator, Lincoln Mark LT, Lincoln MKX, Lincoln MKZ, Lincoln MKS, Lincoln MKT, and Lincoln MKC.
Lincoln has produced a wide variety of models over the years that are now discontinued. Among the most popular are the Lincoln L-Series, Lincoln K-Series, Lincoln-Zephyr, Lincoln Custom, Lincoln Continental, Lincoln H-Series, Lincoln Sport, Lincoln Cosmopolitan, Lincoln Capri, Lincoln Premiere, Lincoln Mark Series, Lincoln Versailles, Lincoln Town Car, Lincoln LS, Lincoln Blackwood, Lincoln Aviator, and Lincoln Zephyr.
Lincoln Motors Company has a long history of providing the official state limousines for the President of the United States. In fact, it has produced more of these than any other automobile company.
The first Lincoln car built specially for the president was the Lincoln K-Series V12 Sunshine Special convertible. The car was used by Franklin D. Roosevelt starting in 1939. It remained in use until 1948.
The 1961 Lincoln Continental convertible is perhaps the most famous car Lincoln made for the United States president over the years. The custom vehicle was known as the SS-100-X and was designed specifically for use by John F. Kennedy. The open-top design gave the President the ability to better interact with citizens. It is notorious as the car that President Kennedy was assassinated in.
The last Lincoln automobile to be used as a Presidential state car was a Lincoln Town Car in 1989. The car was commissioned by George H.W. Bush and specially designed with thick armor plating and bulletproof glass.