Land Rover is a British automobile company that specializes in four-wheel drive vehicles. They currently offer four models including the ever popular Range Rover. The company is owned by Jaguar Land Rover and was created back in 1948. They plan to open a new research and development center costing 100 million GBP (approximately 160 million USD) at the University of Warwick to create a new generation of vehicle technologies.
Land Rover was founded in 1948 though the design for the company’s first vehicles was already in the works by 1947. The first prototype, nicknamed the Center Steer, was inspired by the Jeep model off-road vehicles that the American army was using in World War II at the time. In fact, this first prototype was built using a Jeep chassis and axles.
The first Land Rover was officially launched in 1948 at the Amsterdam motor show. Because the vehicle was originally designed, in part for, use in the British military, many of the first Land Rovers were field tested during development. Indeed, both military and civilian models were initially available although the two were nearly identical. The cars quickly gained popularity for their 2.5-Liter four-cylinder 300TDi engines that were relatively easy to service compared to other engines at the time.
Land Rover continued to focus its attention on its Series I line until it launched its Series II line in 1958. Production on the Series IIA line began shortly afterwards in 1961.
In 1967, Land Rover was bought by Leyland Motor Ltd. Shortly after, they introduced the very first Range Rover in 1970. A year later, the company came out with their Series III model.
A few years later, in 1975, Leyland Motor Ltd. (now renamed British Leyland) collapsed. This led to Land Rover being split from Rover and being treated as a new commercial vehicle division. The group’s new name was Land Rover Leyland Group. This is also the year that the one millionth Land Rover left the production line, a sure sign of the company’s success.
Land Rover continued to produce a number of new models throughout the 1980s and 1990s. These included a few of their most popular models such as the Land Rover Discovery and Freelander. The company entered the United States market in 1984 to much success.
Land Rover continues to be a successful automaker to this day. Their focus is on improving their product line by introducing new models and maintaining current bestsellers. For example, the fourth-generation Ranger Rover hit the shelves in 2012 while the New Discovery Range was introduced at the New York Motor Show in 2014.
The Range Rover L405 is Land Rover’s current flagship model. The vehicle is currently in its fourth-generation. This generation has been manufactured since 2012.
The newest Range Rover is an SUV like no other on the market. For starters, it utilizes an all-aluminum monocoque structure, the first such platform ever used for a sports utility vehicle. In addition to increasing strength, this structure reduces the model’s overall weight by over 900 pounds.
The flagship Range Rover gets its power three different types of engines, two diesel and one gasoline. These include a 3.0-Liter V6 turbo diesel, a 4.4-Liter V8 turbo diesel, and a 5.0-Liter V8 gasoline engine. All of the engines are used in conjunction with an eight-speed automatic transmission.
The Range Rover is noted for its all-terrain and off-road ability. It uses a brand-new Terrain Response system to monitor ground conditions and make automatic vehicle setting adjustments on the fly. The system provides different modes for grass, gravel, snow, mud, sand, and rock crawl. The Terrain Response system configures transmission, suspension, and traction to the type of terrain the vehicle is driving on. Controlled Acceleration Control and Hill Start Assist prevent the vehicle from accidentally rolling backwards.
A limited edition of the Range Rover, known as the Range Rover Long-Wheelbase Autobiography Black, was produced in a limited run of 100 units. This special edition is a more luxurious edition of the car with several additional features added in.
Land Rover currently offers six different models of vehicles for sale. These include the Defender, Freelander 2, Discovery 4, Range Rover Evoque, Range Rover Sport, and Range Rover.
Defender: The Defender is a large off-road 4×4 style vehicle.
Freelander 2: The Freelander is a small off-road 4×4 style vehicle. It is sold in some markets as the LR2.
Discovery 4: The Discovery 4 is a large off-road 4×4 style vehicle. It is sold in some markets as the LR4.
Range Rover Evoque: The Range Rover Evoque is a small off-road 4×4 style vehicle.
Range Rover Sport: The Range Rover Sport is a large off-road 4×4 style vehicle.
Range Rover: The Range Rover is a large off-road 4×4 style vehicle.