The Volvo S60 is classified as a compact executive car and is manufactured by Swedish automaker Volvo. Production of this vehicle started in 2000 and there have been two generations made as of 2014. The first generation of this vehicle was built in Volvo’s own P2 platform, which was also used for a number of other vehicles, including the S80, V70, and XC70. The S60 was officially released in 2000 as the 2001 model and was this automaker’s new generation sports sedan. This car was meant to compete with the BMW 3-Series as well as the Mercedes-Benz C-Class.
Unlike many of its competitors, the Volvo S60 continued production with a number of facelifts over the course of 9 years. The S60 was freshened up a bit in 2005 with some changes to its exterior, including updated body-colored side moldings along with bumpers with chrome lining. The interior of this vehicle also received a few updates, including new seats, an updated center console, and brand new trim. A final facelift was performed on the S60 in 2008 with full body-colored bumper and door inserts as well as a larger emblem in the front, spelling out the Volvo name.
The S60 R was introduced to the public in 2004 and used a Haldex all-wheel drive system, which was mated to a 300 PS or 296 horsepower inline-5 engine. All of the 2004-2005 models of this vehicle were available with a 6-speed manual transmission or a 5-speed automatic transmission. Some of the other defining features of the S60 R include larger Brembo front and rear four-piston brakes, 18” 5-spoke Pegasus wheels, a Four-C suspension system, and HID headlights as a standard feature. Four-C allows consumers to choose from three different modes, including Comfort, Sport, and Advanced. The Comfort mode softens bumps so the driver doesn’t feel them as much, and the Advanced mode firms up the suspension.
The second and most current generation of the Volve S60 uses a 4-cylinder 1.6 liter petrol engine that uses Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection, technology which was developed by Ford to make certain vehicles of their especially fuel efficient. The V60 is an estate version of the S60, displayed for the public to see for the first time in October of 2010 at the Paris Motor Show. Both the Volvo S60 and V60 come with Volvo’s City Safety system as a standard feature, stopping the car in the event of an impending collision.
The V60 plug-in hybrid was revealed to the public at the Geneva Motor Show in March of 2011. This car is the result of a partnership between Volvo Cars and Swedish energy supplier Vattenfall. Volvo announced in September of 2012 that the first 1,000 units of the V60 plug-in hybrid were sold out before the 2013 model vehicles were delivered to dealerships. Production of this vehicle was ramped up to meet the demand of an eco-friendly public, with many more units made in the coming months.
Volvo’s plug-in electric hybrid V60 uses a six-speed transmission as well as a 5-cylinder 2.4 liter D5 turbo diesel engine, which is capable of producing up to 215 horsepower and a maximum torque of 440 N m. The rear axle on this car features ERAD or Electric Rear Axle Drive with an electric motor that can produce up to 70 horsepower as well as a maximum torque of 200 N m, powered by a 12 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. In “Pure Mode”, this car runs only on the electric motor, and it has a driving range of up to 50 km or 31 miles. In Hybrid Mode, however, the diesel engine and electric motor interact with each other to provide optimal balance between love CO2 emissions and total comfort.