The Toyota Land Cruiser is a series of 4-wheel drive vehicle manufactured by Japanese automaker Toyota and is currently the company’s longest running series. Production of the first Land Cruiser started in 1951 with a total of 90 units as Toyota’s version of the Jeep. This vehicle has been manufactured in many different versions, including a convertible, hardtop, station wagon, and utility trucks. The reliability and longevity of the Land Cruiser contributed to its impressive popularity with consumers all over the world, especially in South Sudan along with Australia were it the best-selling vehicle with 4-wheel drive and a body-on-frame configuration.
The BJ and FJ models of this vehicle were manufactured from 1951 to 1955. This vehicle came about as the result of a need for a military light utility vehicle during the Korean War. The U.S government ordered a total of 100 vehicles with the new Willys specs and Toyota was specifically commissioned to build them. In 1955, the second generation of these vehicles, called the 20 Series, was introduced. This vehicle was designed for civilian use and had more stylish bodywork as well as a better ride because of the longer four-plate leaf springs which originally came from the Toyota Light Truck.
The J60 model of this truck, also called the Land Cruiser 60 series, started production in 1980 through 1990 for a majority of markets. These vehicles have front engines as well as a 4-door wagon design which can seat anywhere from 5-8 people at once. Similar to previous Land Cruiser generations, this one is well-known for its off-road abilities, though it is somewhat limited by the awkward departure angles. The 60 series was made available in a number of different colors, including Alpine White, Desert Beige, Brown, Royal Blue, and Freeborn Red. There are also multiple metallic exterior colors, including Gray-Blue, Charcoal Gray, Cognac, Stardust Silver, and Rootbeer.
The J80 model of this vehicle, which was produced from 1990 to 1997, was called the 80 series and was first introduced in October of 1989 at the Tokyo Motor Show. This vehicle launched in early 1990 with swing-out back doors which were replaced by a winch door by 1994. The Land Cruiser also had the nickname “Burbuja”, which translates to “Bubble” in English, in Colombia as well as Venezuela because of its round body shape. The 80 series station wagon was first introduced in 1990, effectively replacing the 60 series. In 1990 a new generation of diesel engines was also introduced, adding a 3F-E 6-cylinder naturall aspirated petrol engine as well as a 6-cylinder SOHC naturally aspired diesel engine.
The J100 model of the Land Cruiser, which was manufactured from 1998-2007, was called the 100 series and it was meant to replace the 80 series, which by then was eight years old. This series was first introduced to the public in October of 1997 as the “Grand Cruiser” at the 32nd Tokyo Motor Show. There are two completely different versions of the 100 series Land Cruiser, including the 100 and 105. Although these two vehicles look very much the same, their bodywork is very different.
Much of the 105’s chassis and powertrain come from the 80 series with coil suspended solid axles on the front and rear as well as straight-6 petrol and diesel engines. These models were made available only in Russia, South America, Australia, and Africa. The 100 models of this vehicle had a chassis that was a bit wide with an independent front suspension along with two new engines. Over the years this vehicle has undergone many changes and it is one of the longest running series in Toyota’s history.