The Toyota IQ is classified as a city car and uses a trasnsverse engine as well as front-wheel drive and has been manufactured by Toyota since 2008. This vehicle was marketed in the 2011 in the U.S and in Canada since 2012 as the Scion IQ. The designing phase of this project was carried out at the Toyota European Design and Development studio, which is located in Nice, France. The iQ is known for its short length as well as its specialized engineering with a design that is made to maximize passenger seating. This vehicle also features a transmissions differential housing that is located in front of the engine in order to accommodate a fourth passenger.
After the concept version of this vehicle was introduced to the public in 2007 at the Frankfurt Auto Show, the production version was introduced at the Geneva Auto Show in March of 2008. Japanese sales of this vehicle started in October of 2008 and it went on sale in Europe in January of 2009. The all-electric version of the iQ started being delivered in the U.S in March of 2013, and production of the Scion iQ EV, or the eQ in Japan, was limited to just 100 units for special fleet use as well as carsharing demonstration projects in the United States.
Due to its width and engine displacement, this vehicle is classified as a supermini in its home market, though its length is in complete compliance with kei car dimensional regulations. The name of this face is an initial for “intelligence quotient”, though Toyota has stated that the “I” in the name standards for “innovation” and the “Q” stands for “quality”. This vehicle was chosen as Car of the year in 2008 for the Japanese market.
The overall design of the Toyota iQ puts great emphasis on low fuel consumption as well as environmental friendliness and maneuverability. This car was also designed for maximum interior space. There are a number of different factors which contribute to the compactness and maximized cabin space of this vehicle, including the slim seat design, flat fuel tank positioned underneath the floor, the rear-angled shock absorbers, and the center take-off steering gear. The 2009 2-seat version of the iQ uses a 1KR-FE engine, the 2008 4-seat also uses a 1KR-FE engine, the 2008 4-seat version uses a 1NR-FE engine, and the 2008 4-seat uses a new 1ND-TV engine.
The 1.0 liter engine that this vehicle uses resembles that of the Toyota Aygo and it has a fuel economy of 65.69 mph or 4.3/100 km in Europe. All of the UK models of this vehicle use petrol engines, and the early Japanese models use just a 1.0 3-cylinder engine. The 1.33 liter engine is optional and was added in 2009. The iQ is capable of fitting a 1.6 liter 4-cylinder engine, and models with the 1.33 liter engine use a start and stop system, though they only come with manual transmission.
When it comes to matters of safety, the iQ is equipped with nine airbags, including dual frontal airbags, front seat-mounted side torso airbags, front passenger seat cushion airbag, a driver’s knee airbag, and a new rear curtain airbag that is designed to protect the heads of backseat passengers from rear end collisions. This vehicle also uses Vehicle Stability Control as well as anti-lock brakes, brake assist, electronic brakeforce distribution, and traction control. The iQ scored very highly in numerous safety tests. The Toyota FT-EV concept vehicle was revealed to the public in January of 2009 at the North American International Auto Show, and it is a battery electric concept car with a fuel economy of 50 miles or 80 km.