The Toyota Corolla consists of both subcompact and compact cars that are manufactured by Toyota, introduced in 1966. This car quickly became the top selling car throughout the world in 1974 and has enjoyed quite a bit of success over the years in its various forms. As of 2013, Toyota has sold over 40 million Corollas worldwide, spanning a total of eleven generations. Throughout the years, this vehicle has undergone numerous redesigns and changes. Since the Corolla first came onto the market, it has been exclusive to the Toyota Corolla Store locations throughout Japan.
Early models of the Corolla were available mostly with rear-wheel drive, though some of the later models have used front-wheel drive. Some of the more traditional competitors of this vehicle include the Nissan Sunny, which was introduced the same year as the Corolla in Japan along with the Honda Civic. This vehicle’s chassis designation code is “E”, as is described in Toyota’s chassis and engine codes. These vehicles have been manufactured in a number of different countries around the world, including China, Canada, Brazil, Japan, South Africa, Pakistan, Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam, Turkey, and Venezuela.
There have been a few different models of the Corolla over the years, including the Corolla Ceres hardtop, the Sprinter Trueno sports coupe and hatchbacks, and the Corolla Levin. The RunX and the Allex models were both replaced by the Auris in 2006, though this vehicle is known only as the Corolla in most markets outside of South Africa and Japan. There was also a compact MPV named the Corolla Verso and it was released in various European markets. The Corolla Spacio is the Verso’s counterpart but production of it stopped in the 10th generation. The Corolla Rumion is sold as the Scion xB, though only in the United States market.
The first generation of the Corolla was initially introduced in October of 1966 and used the 1100 cc K pushrod engine. The Corolla Sprinter was first introduced as a fastback in 1968 and was sold in Japan exclusively at the Toyota Auto Store. The second generation of this vehicle started production in 1970 and ended in 1974. The E20 was restyles to include a rounder body and both the 1400 cc T and the 1600 cc 2T OHV engines were added. In Australia, this vehicle was only available with the 3K powered 2-door KE20 as a sedan and wagon or panelvan, and the brakes were single system with no booster.
The tenth and more recent generation of the Corolla came out in 2006 and it was called the Corolla Axio in the Japanese market, though the ASEAN markets retained the Corolla Altis name. The station wagon version of the Corolla uses the Corolla Fielder name. Both the Corolla Altis and Axio have a completely different exterior design and dimensions. The E160, which was introduced in 2012 and is still in production, went on sale in Japan in May of 2012. This sedan is called the Corolla Axio, while the station wagon version is called the Corolla Fielder.
The Axio comes with either a 1.3 liter 1NR-FE or a 1.5 liter 1NZ-FE 4-cylinder engine and front or all-wheel drive. There are 5-speed manual as well as CVT transmissions available for these vehicles as well. The 1.3 liter engine and all-wheel drive versions of the Axio are available with CVT transmissions only. The Fielder is available with a 1.5 liter 1NZ-FE or 1.8 liter 2ZR-FAE tour cylinder engines with a CVT transmission. The Corolla has become one of the most popular vehicles in the world and will go down in history as Toyota’s top-seller.