The Tesla Roadster a battery-powered electric vehicle or BEV that is produced by electric car firm Tesla Motors in California. Production of this vehicle started in 2008 and ended in 2012. The Roadster was the first all-electric vehicle with highway capabilities to go on sale in serial production in the United States. Tesla has sold over 2,400 Roadsters in a total of 31 different countries since 2008, and most of the remaining ones were sold in various parts of Europe as well as Asia during the fourth quarter of 2012. Tesla started manufacturing right-hand drive Roadsters beginning in 2010, and the base price of this vehicle is $109,000 in the United States.
This vehicle was the first production car to use lithium-ion battery cells as well as the first production BEV to travel more than 200 miles in a single charge. The current world record for distance for all-electric vehicles is 501 km or 311 miles, and it was set by a Roadster in October of 2009. In March of 2010, this vehicle became the first electric car to win the Monte Carlo Alternative Energy Rally as well as the first to win any Federation Internationale de l’Automobile-sanctioned championship.
The Roadster is able to travel a total of 244 miles on a single charge with its lithium-ion battery pack and is also able to accelerate from 0-60 mph or 0-97 km/h in just 3.7 or 3.6 seconds, depending on the specific model that is being driven. The fuel efficiency of the Roadster has been reported as 120 mph or 2.0 liters/100 km. This car was first introduced to the public in July of 2006 in Santa Monica, California at a small event in which only 350 people had been invited to, held in Barger Hangar at Santa Monica Airport.
The first time that the Tesla Roadster has been revealed to the public an open event was in 2006 at the San Francisco International Auto Show. These vehicles have been featured a variety of auto shows since then, including those which have taken places in Detroit, Los Angeles, and even Frankfurt. There have been 500 vehicles similar to the Roadster produced from June of 2009 to July of the same year. Tesla started producing its 2010 model year Roadster with some major upgrades from its predecessors. This model Roadster is able to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in just 3.7 seconds, compared to the 3.9 seconds of the standard Roadster.
The latest Roadster uses a 3-phase 4-pole induction electric motor with a maximum power output of 248 horsepower or 185 kW. This vehicle’s maximum torque has been reported to be 200 pound-feet or 270 N m. The motor that this Roadster uses is air-cooled and therefore does not require a liquid cooling system like many others that have a similar all-electric design. BorgWarner was selected to manufacture the gearboxes that this vehicle uses, and all of them are equipped with a single speed fixed gear gearbox. The Roadster is definitely one of the more innovative, popular, and eco-friendly vehicles on the road today.