The Fiat Uno is classified as a supermini car and is produced by Italian carmaker Fiat. The Uno was first launched onto the market in 1983 and built in Italy until 1995. Even though production of this vehicle continued in certain countries throughout the world, the final unit was manufactured in Brazil in 2013. As of 2014 there have been over 8 million Unos built in different factories all over the world. Although production of this vehicle stopped in 1995, it was reintroduced to a number of markets in 2010, with South America being the first one to receive it.
The first series of the Uno, also called the Type 146, was launched in January 1983 to replace the much older Fiat 127. This vehicle was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro’s ItalDesign company with a tall and square body that uses a Kamm tail and achieved a very low drag coefficient of 0.34. Two of the primary selling points of this vehicle are its fuel economy and interior space, though there are a number of other features that had it had to offer when it was reintroduced. Some aspects of this vehicle’s design were taken from the 1978 Lancia Megagamma concept car, which was essentially the first modern MPV or mini-van.
The Uno first came with a 0.9 liter OHV, a 1.1 liter, and a 1.3 liter 138-series SOHC petrol engine. All of the engines and transmissions that these vehicles used were carried over from the 127. The 1.3 diesel engine was launched shortly after the petrol engines. One of the unique things about this vehicle’s engines is the fact that they were not badged by engine size but rather metric horsepower, including 45, 55, 60, 70, and 75 for this vehicle. The Uno came as a 3 or 5-door hatchback and featured ergonomic “pod” switchgear clusters on either side of the main instrument binnacle.
The second series Fiat Uno was first displayed to the public at the Frankfurt Motorshow in September of 1989. This vehicle received a major facelift, including the nose of the vehicle which was updated along with the tailgate which was fitted on to improve the drag coefficient to Cd 0.30. This vehicle was also designed to match the corporate look of the Fiat Tipo, which was new at the time. The pod switchgear on this vehicle was replaced by a new FIRE version as well as a 1.4 liter engine derived from the Fiat Tipo.
When production of the Uno was discontinued in most places around the world, it did remain in production for a little while in Argentina as well as Brazil. When it comes to matters of safety, the Brazilian Fiat Uno has been rated as being very unsafe by Latin NCAP, scoring one out of five possible stars for adults occupants and just two starts for children. The low NCAP score is the result of a lack of safety equipment and features in the vehicle.
The new Fiat Uno, which was reintroduced in 2010, was brought back for “project Progetto 327”, which was the Novo Uno or “New Uno”, built in Brazil like its predecessor. This new Uno was engineered in Brazil and co-designed with Turin’s Fiat Centro Stile, a slightly modified version of the Fiat Panda style on a Fiat Palio platform. This car comes with two different engines, including the 1.0 Fire Evo, which is capable of 73 horsepower, and the 1.4 Fire Evo, which is capable of 83 horsepower. Both of these engines can use ethanol, gasoline, or a mix of both fuels. This vehicle is sold in a number of South American countries, including Brazil.