The Audi Quattro is classified as a road and rally car, manufactured by German carmaker Audi, which is currently a part of the Volkswagen Group. This vehicle first went on display in 1980 at the Geneva Motor Show in March and the original version was produced through 1991. This vehicle’s name is derived from the Italian word meaning “four”, and it has been used by Audi for the Quattro four-wheel drive system which many of their vehicles use. The original version of the Quattro is also called the Ur-Quattro or simply the “Ur” in certain places.
The Quattro was one of the first vehicles to participate in competition racing after the new rules which allowed the use of four-wheel drive. This vehicle won a number of racing competitions over the course of just two years. The Audi Quattro has many different parts as well as core body components which are used in a number of other vehicles, including the Coupe version of the Audi 80 model range. Talks about a high-performance four-wheel drive car first started in 1977 with Jorg Bensinger, who was Audi’s chassis engineer at the time. It didn’t take long before this idea became a reality in the form of the Quattro, which was a turning point in this German carmaker’s history.
European customers saw the release of the Audi Quattro in late 1980, and the very first one featured a quattropermanent 4-wheel drive system with a turbocharged engine. The engine that this vehicle uses is a 2.9 liter inline-5-cylinder 10 valve SOHC with a turbocharger and intercooler, capable of producing up to 147 kW or 197 horsepower and 210 pound-feet of torque at 3500 rpm. This vehicle can reach a top speed of over 220 km/k or 137 mph and accelerate from 0-100 km/h or 62 mph in just 7.1 seconds.
The engine that the first Audi Quattro used was modified to a 2,226 cc inline-5 20v 2.2 liter DOHC setup which was capable of producing up to 162 kW or 217 bhp with a new top speed of 230 km/h or 143 mph. The external styling of the Quattro did not receive many modifications during its entire production run. At first, this car came with a flat fronted grill which featured four individual headlamp lenses, one of which was used for low beam units and the other for high beam units. These changes were altered for the 1983 model and were replaced with combined units which features a single lens but housed twin reflectors.
The Audi Sport Quattro concept car was displayed to the public in 2013 at the Frankfurt Motor Show as a way of commemorating the 30th anniversary of the vehicle. This show car featured angular flat C-pillars along with rectangular double headlights that used Audi’s own Matrix LED technology and a spoiler at the lower edge of the rear window. This vehicle also came equipped with 21” wheels, bucket seats with integrated headrests, a multifunction sport steering wheel, two different driving modes (race and setup), as well as carbon fiber-ceramic brake discs.
The Audi Sport Quattro S1 E2 model was introduced by 1985 as an updated version of the Audi Sport Quattro with a variety of new features, including an inline 5-cylinder engine that displaced 2, 110 cc and was capable of producing up to 350 kW or 470 bhp. The turbocharger in this vehicle used a recirculating air system which was designed to keep the engine spinning when it reached high rpm. Overall, the Quattro is definitely an impressive vehicle, especially for its time, and remains a classic of this German automaker.