The Alfa Romeo 159 is classified as a compact executive car and is produced by Italian carmaker Alfa Romeo. The 159 was initially introduced to the public in 2005 at the Geneva Motor Show, replacing the 156 model. This vehicle is built on the GM/Fiat Premium platform which it shares with the Alfa Romeo Brera and Spider production vehicles as well as the Kamal and Visconti concept cars. The styling for the 159 was done by Giorgetto Giugiaro as well as Centro Stile Alfa Romeo. The nose of this vehicle has the traditional Alfa Romeo V-shaped grille and bonnet as well as cylindrically shaped head light clusters.
The interior of the 159 features many styling treatments which are reminiscent of previous cars from the same company, such as the 156. It was initially planned that this vehicle would directly compete with other automakers, including BMW, Audi, and Mercedes-Benz with its high quality materials, though many critics have claimed that Alfa Romeo underestimated the modern Germany luxury automakers position in the market. There have been a number of trims available for the 159, including the Progression, Distinctive, Exclusive, and Turismo Internazionale. In the UK this vehicle was available in three different levels of trim, including the Turismo, Lusso, and Inernazionale.
The Sportwagon variant of the 159 was introduced in 2006 at the Geneva Motor Show. An automatic gearbox option was also made available for the 2.4 JTDM diesel model of this vehicle along with other version later on in the year. A 4-wheel drive diesel model was released in 2007 with a 2.4 liter diesel engine which has an output of 210 PS or 210 horsepower. For the 2008 model, certain aspects of the mechanics and interiors were developed a bit more and a 3.2 liter V6 became available with front wheel drive and a top speed of 160 mph.
The 2009 version of the Alfa Romeo came with a new turbocharged gasoline engine which used the TBi badge. This model had all new aluminum components as well as a 45 kilogram weight reduction. More recent versions of this vehicle were introduced in 2009 at the Geneva Motor Show for the public to see. The new engine has a rating of 200 PS or 197 horsepower and 320 pound-feet of torque. This unit will eventually replace the 2.2 and 1.9 JTS units.
For the 2010 version of the Alfa Romeo 159, a new powertrain with front and 4-wheel drive became available. The Q4 4-wheel drive system uses a Torsen type C twin differential and can be purchased with the 3.2 liter petrol and 2.4 liter diesel engines. The gearbox in these vehicles is a 6-speed manual, which is available on a majority of models, although the 1.8 does have a 5-speed. All of the gasoline or petrol engines with these vehicles are direct fuel injected, with the exception of the 1.8 liter.
When it comes to safety, the 159 has seven airbags throughout, which is a standard feature, along with additional knee airbags, which are optional. This car scored highly in rear-end crash protection tests, mostly due to the anti-whiplash seats it is equipped with. The 159 also passed the Euro NCAP safety tests with a score of 5/5 stars for adult occupants, 4/5 stars for child occupants, and 1/5 stars for pedestrians. The Alfa Romeo 159 has appeared in a number of films, including the 2008 James Bond film, “Quantum of Solace” as well as “Johnny English Re born”. The 159 has undergone a number of changes over the years and remains one of the most stylish and favored vehicles of Alfa Romeo.